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Temat przeniesiony do archwium
The author of the text explores the origin and meaning of charisma, the word frequently used, but rarely explained.
Charisma (from the Greek “charis” meaning grace) can be traced back to the letters of Paul the Apostole composed in the second half of the 1st century AD. Paul’s charismatas denoted “the gifts of God’s grace”, such as prophecy, healing, speaking in tongues, interpreting that speech or teaching and service.
Around the fourth century, charisma, defined by Paul as enlightening, supernatural and independent of individuals, had become appropriated by the Church that had attributed it exclusively to the Holy Spirit consistently eradicating all other dissident meanings of charisma.
Charisma had remained a purely Biblical notion until the twentieth century, when a German sociologist Max Weber deprived charisma of its scriptural meaning, and defined as ‘a certain quality of an individual personality by virtue of which he is considered extraordinary and treated as endowed with supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities’, with Mussolini and Hitler being the first hailed as charismatic leaders, which attached an evil connotation to the word.
With the appearance of JFK and Robert F Kennedy, charisma lost its pejorative association. Nowadays, charismatic are athletes, business people and celebrities.
The author concludes by asking whether Paul’s definition of charisma has anything in common with what it means today, and answers that just as 2,000 years ago, in this day and age charisma “a mysterious gift”.
The author of the text explores the origin and meaning of charisma, 'the' (tutaj 'a') word frequently used, but rarely explained.
Charisma (from the Greek “charis” meaning grace) can be traced back to the letters of Paul the 'Apostole' (ortog) composed in the second half of the 1st century AD.
Charisma had remained a purely Biblical notion until the twentieth century, when a German sociologist Max Weber deprived charisma of its scriptural meaning, and defined (tu brakuje cos 'it') as ‘a certain quality of an individual personality by virtue of which he is considered extraordinary and treated as endowed with supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities’, with Mussolini and Hitler being the first hailed 'as' (niepotr) charismatic leaders, which attached an evil connotation to the word.
With the appearance of 'JFK' (prosze w calosci, moze ludzie nie wiedza kto to byl) and Robert F Kennedy, charisma lost its pejorative association. 'Nowadays, charismatic are athletes, business people and celebrities.' (zrob to zdanie inaczej, najpierw kto, a pozniej jak sa uwazani)
The author concludes by asking whether Paul’s definition of charisma has anything in common with what it means today, and answers that just as (tu brakuje pare slow) 2,000 years ago, 'in this day and age' (lepiej 'today') charisma (cos brak) “a mysterious gift”.
The author of the text explores the origin and meaning of charisma, a word frequently used, but rarely explained.
Charisma (from the Greek “charis” meaning grace) can be traced back to the letters of Paul the Apostle composed in the second half of the 1st century AD. Paul’s charismatas denoted “the gifts of God’s grace”, such as prophecy, healing, speaking in tongues, interpreting that speech or teaching and service.
Around the fourth century, charisma, defined by Paul as enlightening, supernatural and independent of individuals, had become appropriated by the Church that had attributed it exclusively to the Holy Spirit consistently eradicating all other dissident meanings of charisma.
Charisma had remained a purely Biblical notion until the twentieth century, when a German sociologist Max Weber deprived charisma of its scriptural meaning, and defined it as ‘a certain quality of an individual personality by virtue of which he is considered extraordinary and treated as endowed with supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities’, with Mussolini and Hitler being the first hailed charismatic leaders, which attached an evil connotation to the word.
With the appearance of John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Robert F Kennedy, charisma lost its pejorative association. Nowadays, charismatic is used to describe athletes, business people and celebrities.
The author concludes by asking whether Paul’s definition of charisma has anything in common with what it means today, and answers that just as it did 2,000 years ago, today charisma is still “a mysterious gift”.

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