rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
301-330 z 649
Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

clear cut

a forest management technique that involves harvesting all the trees in one area at one time. Under certain soil and slope conditions it can contribute to water pollution; Ecologists warn that the extensive ~ in hilly areas may result in enlarged water pollution.

closedloop recycling

reclaiming or reusing wastewater for non- potable purposes in an enclosed process. According to the recently established regulations. any factory should plan for ~ of water.


a thick-walled container (usually lead) used for transporting radioactive materials.

delayed hazard

A hazard with delayed effect(s). The potential to cause an adverse effect which manifests itself after a long period of time; Carcinogenicity and teratogenicity are examples of ~.

emergency phase

refers to the initial phase of response actions, during which actions are taken in response to a threat of a release or a release in progress.

first draw

the water that immediately comes out when a tap is first opened. This water is likely to have the highest level of lead contamination from plumbing materials; Never pour the ~ of water to the kettle.

fossil fuels

combustibles derived from the remains of ancient plants and animals, like coal, oil, and natural gas.

greenhouse effect

the warming of our atmosphere caused by buildup of carbon dioxide, which allows light from the Sun's rays to heat the Earth but prevents loss of the heat; Some scientists argue that the ~ is not caused by our civilisation, but that it is a natural processes of climate alteration.


the mixing of lower and upper layers in a lake in spring and fall caused by temperature and density equalisation; You should never bath in a lake during the ~ process.


substances that are suspected of causing malformations or serious deviations from the normal type, which can't be inherited; Most adulterants can be ~.

strip mining

a process that uses machines to scrape soil or rock away from mineral deposits just under the Earth's surface; ~ causes the most severe damage of the landscape.


growing crops in a systemic arrangement of strips or bands which serve as barriers to wind and water erosion; ~ appears an effective method of earth protection in areas with a harsh climate.


management of forest land for timber; ~ sometimes contributes to water pollution, as in clear-cutting.

global warming

an increase in world temperature caused by an increase in carbon dioxide This conference is about new ways in dealing with global warming.

acid rain

rain that contains harmful acid which can damage the environment and is caused by smoke from factories; Acid rain occurred right after the explosion.

to pollute

to make the air, soil and water dangerously dirty and not suitable for people to use; That old factory has been polluting our river for years.


no harmful to the environment; I wash my clothes with an eco-friendly detergent

ozone layer

a layer of gases which stop harmful radiation from the sun from reaching the earth; The hole in the ozone layer grows larger every year.


an area of a forest that has been completely cut down; The clear cuts really take away from the beauty here.

nuclear waste

waste material from nuclear reactors which is radioactive; What can we do with nuclear waste?


a situation when there are too many people in a city or country; Over population in India is a frightening situation.

exhaust fumes

strong smelling gas or smoke that comes from the exhaust pipes of cars; The exhaust fumes make me sick when I stand at the tram stop.

aerosol cans

small metal containers from which a liquid that is bad for the environment can be sprayed; Every home has some kind of aerosol can in it.


the process of treating things such as paper, metal and glass so that they can be used again; Recycling can be a lot cheaper than most people think.

natural resources

all of the land, minerals, and natural energy that exists on the Earth; The U.S. is a country rich in natural resources.

sewage treatment plant

a place where raw sewage is treated to stop it from being harmful; Our city council is raising money for building a sewage treatment plant in this area.


a situation in which a particular species of animal no longer exists; Conservationists saved the blue whale from extinction.

battery fishing

a method of fishing that involves using electricity in order to catch fish; Battery fishing is a punishable offense in this country.

green revolution

the new interest in protecting the environment that has developed in many parts of the world; Global interest in the green revolution is increasing.

tropical rain forest

a forest with tall trees that are very close together, growing in an area that rains a lot; The variety of life found in a tropical rain forest is amazing.
301-330 z 649
Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.


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