Filologia

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
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Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

vicissitudes

Continuous changes and problems which affect someone's life ups and downs. He would often sit and reflect on the vicissitudes of his life.

whistleblower

Sb who makes secret information public. David Shayler, the MI5 whistle-blower, is taking his case to the European Court of Human Rights.

politicising

give political character to. upolityczniać I wish you'd stop politicizing about Gerald's birthday being a great moment for the state and just give him your best wishes

politic

sagacious, prudent, judicious, expedient. rozważnie I think Anna's saying about Gerald's birthday being a great moment for the state was rather politic considering her own forthcoming candidacy to be elected to Gerald's party!

electioneering

the busying of oneself in elections, trying to get elected. agitacja wyborcza When the prime minister announced that he was increasing pensions, some people accused him of already indulging in electioneering and not really being concerned about the plight of the elderly!

wishywashy

Either weak or unclear ideas or a person whose ideas are thus. The problem with the Liberal Democrats is that their policies are so wishy-washy.

quango

a QUAsi- Non-Governmental Organization. Some people say that the new committee set up to study government inefficiency will not really find anything wrong as it is just a quango and not really separate from the government!

constituency

body of voters who elect a representative, area so represented. okręg wyborczy Most of the people in my constituency vote Tory, but I never will!

ballot

secret voting, or (verb) process of voting in such a way. tajne głosowanie The union members were asked to vote in a ballot for a new leader.

offset

counterbalance, compensating point. równoważenie, kompensacja The prime minister hoped that the increase in overall taxes would be offset for pensioners by an increase in their pensions so that they at least didn't suffer.

entrenched

well defended, or set/fixed position. utrwalony, zakorzeniony Many people accuse the government of being entrenched in their taxation policy, refusing to listen to common sense!

sanctimonious

Behaving in an annoying manner as if morally better than others The most irritating thing about politicians is their sanctimonious preaching about family values.

to follow suit

to do the same as (sb else). The government having finally decided to cut taxes, the opposition has decided to follow suit and make it one of their policies as well.

a dumbing down of sth

making sth as simplistic as possible. Einstein's theory of relativity is very complex and needs dumbing down a little if the ordinary public is to understand it.

spin doctors

political speech makers, practiced in the art of oratory. Some accuse the Labor party of having lots of spin doctors, practiced in the art of making clever sounding speeches.

to pander to

to minister to (often base passion or evil designs). I think the Conservative party often panders to the baser desires of the public.

a landslide majority

an outright/vast majority, . In the last two elections, though particularly the last one, the Labor party has achieved a landslide majority.

first past the post system

system by which the first party to get a majority of votes, no matter how many, in whatever constituency, wins that constituency and has its m.p. represent that area

first past the post system

the opposite to proportional representation - where the number of votes each candidate receives may determine how politicians each party gets into parliament...

hobbyhorse

topic to which one often recurs, is obsessed by. The lowering of taxes is a subject which the present treasurer seems to treat as his own personal hobbyhorse, almost ignoring all other aspects of the economy.

horse trading

the pragmatic trading of favors... Listen, sunshine, lets have less horse trading and more principled actions based on loyalty, okay?

to curry favour with

to seek sb's approval in a, usually, sycophantic way. It's no use trying to curry favor with me by offering to do the dishes, you can't go out and that is that!

platform

the ideas and aims of a political party especially as expressed before an election, platforma wyborcza What will be the main plank in your party's platform? This party came to power on a platform of economic reform.

ballot

a sheet of paper used to make a secret vote, głos When someone votes on members of only one party it is called a straight ballot.

vet

to check sb's past activities to make sure that they are suitable for a (esp. governmental) job, lustrować All politicians should be well vetted.

cabinet

group of ministers or secretaries who directly meet with the president or prime minister, prezydium rządu Bush tried to make his cabinet as multi-cultural as possible to make democrats happy.

centrist

having nonextreme political views, centrowy He was a centrist politician.

coup

sudden violent change of government, zamach stanu Colombia has a coup every 2 months.

vote of confidence

formal vote showing how much a party supports its leader, wotum nieufności Kwasniewski won a vote of confidence.

audit bureau

institution that makes official examinations of tax issues, izba kontroli The IRS is the major audit bureau in the US.
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Komentarze (12)

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.

Brak?

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