Filologia

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topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
301-330 z 611
Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

an absolute

(Moral) A rule or principle or truth that is held to be right in all situations , at all times. Many people doubt there are any such thing as moral absolutes .

aetiology

the study of first causes

affirmitive action

action taken to ensure that members of disadvantaged groups (e.g. racial minorities) get an appropriate share of opportunities available A growing number of whites are challenging affirmative action policies.

positive discrimination

British term meaning same as "affirmative action"

ethics

moral beliefs and rules about right and wrong. Our members are bound by a rigid code of ethics which includes confidentiality.

civil liberties

rights to individual autonomy His commitment to civil liberties and human rights has never been stronger.

corporal punishment

the punishment of people by beating them. Corporal punishment is both illegal and morally wrong.

diametrically opposed

when two things or view points are completely different to one another. Liberals and Communitarians tend to be diametrically opposed on the question of the role of the State in our lives.

didactic

that which is intended to teach people something , usually a moral lesson. In totalitarian states art usually exists for didactic purposes.

gratuitous

(ADJ) STH which is unnecessary , and often harmful and upsetting. The film was full of gratuitous violence and sex.

moral fibre

the quality of being determined to do what is right. TV is often cited as having a detrimental effect on peoples moral fiber.

moralistic

(ADJ) Somebody who makes harsh judgments of other people on the basis of their own ideas and beliefs about what is right and wrong. To me moralistic films are usually unbearable.

to moralize

to tell others their views are either right or wrong. As a dramatist he was prone to moralizing.

pervasive

Something , usually an attitude or belief or practice which is widespread. (Usually has a negative connotation) The pervasive influence of the Church in our lives cannot be a good thing.

vivisection

the practice of using live animals for scientific experiments She was a fierce opponent of vivisection.

xenophobia

the irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries Xenophobic nationalism is on the rise in much of Europe.

tibia

the front bone in the leg below the knee, piszczel During the football game one of the players kicked Tom and broke his tibia. Tibia is the inner and larger of two bones from the knee to the ankle.

tendon

a thick strong cord that connects a muscle to a bone, sciegno She has a leg in a cast because she strained her tendon playing tennis. Tendons are very important parts of human bodythey enable us to move our limbs.

anemia

an unhealthy condition in which there are too few red cells in the blood, anemia She looks pale and is so weak, maybe she has anemia. I look anemic, I have to go to the doctor and do a blood test.

upbeat

state of being happy, w dobrym nastroju He was upbeat after his great performance in the play.

fast

abstain from eating, pościć He is fasting for religious reasons.

wellgroomed

about a person's appearance well cared for, clean, zadbany After her trip to the beauty salon she look much more well groomed.

recuperate

to get well after an illness or injury, wracać do zdrowia He's recuperating from his car accident in the hospital.

bout of a disease

a period of illness, atak choroby I'm getting over a bout of the flu.

bulimic

a person suffering form bulimia, an eating disorder involving selfinduced vomiting, bulimik The risk of suicide among bulimics is high.

bacillus

rod shaped bacterium, bakcyl When anthrax bacilli enter the body they start to breed.

serum

injected liquid that fights infection or disease, surowica They administered a serum into me to fight the poison from the snake that bit me.

lesion

a wound, rana He sustained several lesions across his face from the care accident.

appendix

small bag of tissue attached to the large intestine, wyrostek robaczkowy His appendix ruptured, and he had to have an operation

diabetes

illness in which sugar is not properly absorbed in the body, cukrzyca Because of his diabetes he could not eat or drink anything with sugar.
301-330 z 611
Komentarze (12)

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.

Brak?

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