Filologia

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
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Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

racism

a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, obviously involving the idea that one's own race is superior, rasizm Once again, racism is rearing its ugly head in Europe. She refused to perform in any locality that practiced racism.

to have sb/sth in one's sights

To suspect sb of having done sth bad, or observing sth with the intention of attacking or killing it. America have got Osama bin Laden firmly in their sights as being the man behind the WTC attack.

brute force

Using physical strength rather than thought or intelligence The American's learnt during the Vietnam War that brute force alone will not necessarily secure victory.

zealotry

Having extremely strong beliefs, particularly religious or political. The religious zealotry of some Islamic nations is quite disturbing.

spurious

An argument or statement which is not based on fact or reasoning and is likely to be wrong. He supported his claims with spurious evidence.

proliferation

Something that increases rapidly. The proliferation of McDonalds and Pizza Hut is a good example of cultural imperialism.

aggrandisement

An increase in power, size or importance. Some see the current war in Afghanistan as being nothing more than American aggrandizement.

cavalier attitudes

Not caring or thinking about consequences Some members of society have a rather cavalier attitude towards the law.

remand

to send back or consign again. The accused was remanded to the custody of the lower court to await further proceedings.

correctional facility

a bleeding-heart-liberal euphemism for 'prison'. They sent the assassin to the Hannibal House of Corrections for a crash course in rehabilitation.

rock

in the slang of drug users, a pellet or lump of "crack", highly addictive purified cocaine in crystalized form, smoked for its stimulating effects; named after its rock-like consistency, działka The rock is put in a pipe and smoked, with far more potent effects than inhaling the powder.

an inmate

a person dwelling with others in a confined place, usu. a prison or mental hospital. The undercover journalist found the treatment of asylum inmates appalling.

an inmate

Hugo stabbed a guard in order to gain the respect of his fellow inmates.

death row

prison cells for inmates awaiting execution. He'd been on death row for three years, appeals still pending.

a reprieve

a respite from impending punishment, esp. from execution; a warrant authorizing this. It was only a temporary reprieve. He would face the hangman sooner or later.

a stay of sth

suspension of a judicial proceeding, a postponement. The attorney won for his convicted client a stay of sentencing.

a stay of sth

The death row inmate never lost hope that the governor might issue a stay of execution.

to commute sth

to exchange for another or for something else; interchange; to change (e.g. a prison sentence or other penalty) to a less severe form. Medieval alchemists attempted to commute base metals into gold.

to commute sth

The governor commuted the convict's sentence to life imprisonment.

abuse

wrong, improper, or excessive use; misuse: the abuse of privileges/authority; drug abuse, nadużycie We've recently seen a decrease in heroin abuse in all parts of the country.

persecute

to treat sb in a cruel way, esp. because of their race, their politcal or religious beliefs, prześladować Throughout history, religious minorities have been persecuted for their beliefs.

line

drug slang, a dose of a powdered drug, esp. cocaine, intended to be taken nasally, kreska Every time our team scored, we each did a line of coke through a twenty-dollar bill. She produced a sixinch ivory tube, sank to her knees and greedily did her lines, snorting "angel dust" into each nostril.

to chase the dragon

drug slang, to take heroin (or heroin mixed with another smokable drug) and heat it on a piece of folded tin foil and inhale the fumes, pogoń za smokiem They invited us to chase the dragon Hong Kong style, with matches, foil and tube.

segregation

the practise of keeping people of different races, religions or even sexes apart and making them live, work, and study separately, segregacja The US Supreme Court ruled in 1954 that racial segregation in schools was unconstitional.

victim

a person who is harmed in any way, or who is injured or killed as the result of a crime, bad luck or an accident. Also used of a deceived or cheated person. ofiara One victim of the fraudulent scheme was swindled out of her entire life savings. The fire claimed 43 victims. The families of the victims were devastated.

scot free

free from harm, restraint, punishment, or obligation. I still can't believe OJ got off scot free! What a miscarriage of justice. They let him off the hook without even a slap on the wrist. He got off scot free.

pernicious

Very harmful or evil in a way that is not immediately obvious Psychologists are investigating the extent to which certain types of film have a pernicious effect on the viewer.

to retaliate

To do something bad to someone because they have done something bad to you. Following the shooting in Portadown of three Republicans the IRA have retaliated by killing three Loyalists.

repercussions

The results of an action or event , particularly a bad one, which continue to have an effect for some time. After putting glue on the headmasters chair the school boys lived in fear of what the repercussions might be.

iffy

Questionable They had suspicions about his background because of his iffy accent.
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Komentarze (12)

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.

Brak?

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