Filologia

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topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
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Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

selfgovernment / self-rule

government of a country by its own people, free from outside control or inflence; independence. samorządność, niezawislość During the partitions Poland fought for self-government.

to incorporate

to combine into one body or uniform substance; to embody; to form into a society or organization. This report incorporates all our thoughts on the subject.

to incorporate

The committee incorporated the investigator's findings in its report.

martial law

law temporarily imposed upon an area by state military forces, esp. when civil authority has broken down. stan wojenny The declaration of martial law came as a shock but the crisis had been brewing for many months.

martial law

After the unsuccessful rebelion, the whole country was put under martial law.

official airing

To make public The Prime Minister has given official airing to his views on abortion

moral crusade

Something people do because they feel it is the right thing to do. The people who do this are Moral Crusaders. This international war against terrorism is something of a moral crusade.

to reconnoitre

To try and find out the position and size of your enemy's army, for example by flying over land where they are. Before launching their attack, the chiefs of staff ordered their forces to reconnoiter the terrain.

to face the full might of sthg

To be confronted with the force of something's power/strength. Because the Taliban are believed to have supported and helped Osama bin Laden, it is only natural that they can expect to face the full might of America's anger.

legislative

of or pertaining to the enactment of laws. You can read about the past week's legislative proceedings in the Congressional Report.

puppet

a person, group, or government whose actions are prompted and controlled by others. rząd marionetkowy Puppet governments were popular in South America at the beginning of the 20th century.

carte blanche

Complete freedom to do what you want. His diplomatic immunity gave him virtual carte blanche to go where he wanted.

to get down to the nitty gritty

The basic and practical facts of an activity or subject. Before I can agree to lending you the money we need to get down to the nitty gritty and work out how much you really need to borrow.

to be enfranchised

to be on the electoral roll; be given the right to vote in ections. mieć prawo wyborcze Poles are enfranchised at the age of 18.

malevolent despotism

harmful tyrany. wrogi despotyzm The government broke off relations with the new regime, citing that there was no place in the modern world for malevolent despotism.

suffragette

a woman advocating female suffrage, i.e. the right to vote. sufrażystka The suffragette movement started in America and Britain in the early 20th century.

retaliation

a counter strike, reciprocation, retribution. odwet When one of their soldiers was killed, the occupation army retaliated by killing hostages.

nationalists

devotion and loyalty to one's own nation, esp. excessive patriotism chauvinism. nacjonaliści Irish nationalists fight for their country's independence and recognition. Some say nationalism is the scourge of Europe.

court martial

a military court of officers appointed to try people for offences against military law. sąd wojenny As a deserter, he faced a court martial.

a vote of confidence

a formal declaration of support an expression of approval, agreement, or judgment, esp. of an authority in a position of powerful leadership. wotum zaufania It's quite probable there will be a vote of confidence concerning the future Minister of Justice.

anthrax

an infectious disease of cattle, sheep, and other mammals caused by a bacterium. wąglik Anthrax is a means of biological warfare.

anthrax

Anthrax results in dark boils that erupt on the skin of infected humans.

pundit

a person who makes comments or judgments in an authoritative manner. The pundit wrote a daily newspaper column on current affairs.

graft

the acquisition of money or advantage by dishonest or unfair means, esp. through the abuse of one's position or influence, as in politics. Though steps have been taken to abolish graft in the city government, the new administration will have its work cut out to weed out the rampant corruption seen in recent years.

meritocracy

a social system which gives the highest positions to those with the most ability. mertokracja Some claim that meritocracy is the most desired social system.

inauguration

to make a formal beginning of initiate; commence; begin. Also: to induct into office with formal ceremonies; install. The end of World War II inaugurated the era of nuclear power. The city inaugurated the cleanair campaign with a bicycle parade. The United States inaugurates its President in January.

apportionment

the distribution of members of a legislative body. Apportionment determines the number of members of the U.S. House of Representatives according to the proportion of the population of each state to the total population of the US.

to wage war on/against sth

to declare and carry on a war, battle, argument, etc. wydać wojnę przeciwko Martin Luther King waged war against racism in America.

perfidious

Disloyal and untrustworthy treacherous. One of the reasons for the KGB's success as an intelligence service was that it was able to appeal to the perfidious side of human nature.

a vexed question/issue

A complicated problem that has caused a lot of arguments and is difficult to solve. The IRA seems to be taking some steps towards resolving the vexed question of decommissioning.
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Komentarze (12)

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.

Brak?

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