Filologia

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
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Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

to dirty up

To give a bad impression of sb. It's not difficult to dirty up someone's reputation.

lobby

(both n. and v.) a group of persons who try to influence legislators or other public officials to vote or act in favor of a special interest. Also: to urge or procure the passage of (legislation) by lobbying. The mothers' group has been lobbying for gun controls for years.

equal rights amendment

(Abbr.: ERA) a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex. She has always been a pro-ERA lobbyist.

raid

a sudden assault or attack, as upon something to be seized or suppressed: e.g. a police raid on a narcotics ring; a sudden attack on an enemy, as by air or by a small land force. atak, nalot In AD 844, the Normans began raids on the Spanish coast.

pollster

a person whose occupation is the taking of public-opinion polls. You can't always believe the pollsters.

activism

the doctrine or practice of vigorous action or involvement as a means of achieving political or other goals, as by demonstrations, protests, etc. Legitimate anti-globalization activism has been undermined by the presence of anarchists.

caucus

a meeting of the members of a political party or special interest group to select candidates or convention delegates, determine policy. The delegates held a caucus before the convention to elect a chairman.

conflict of interest

the circumstance of a public officeholder, corporate officer, etc., whose personal interests might benefit from his or her official actions or influence. The judge was admonished by the high court for possible conflict of interest

constituency

a body of constituents; the voters or residents in a district represented by an elective officer, or the district itself. elektorat, okręg wyborczy I must protest the waste treatment plant the government plans to build in my constituency.

cabinet

a council advising a sovereign or a chief executive; the group who manage a government. The secretary of state is an important member of the federal cabinet.

fiscal

of or pertaining to the public treasury or revenues: fiscal policies; or financial matters in general. The job as treasurer entails fiscal responsibility.

imbroglio

A difficult, embarrassing or confusing situation - especially in the field of politics. The imbroglio over what to do with Afghanistan is still top of Mr. Blair's priorities.

voter turnout

the number of people who go to vote. frekwencja na głosowaniu Voter turnout in Poland this year was very low, with very few people going to the polls

incipient

beginning, in early stage. w początkowym stadium Gerald's illness was incipient, so there was lots of hope for a recuperation.

incipient

ONEROUS

incipient

burdensome, unpleasant. uciążliwy Most soldiers probably consider it an onerous duty to have to kill their enemy, but often it is a case of kill or be killed.

snappy

brisk, or neat and elegant. szybko albo: dobrze ubrany You look very snappy today - why are you so well dressed up?

disseminating

Scatter about, sow in various places (esp. fig. Of doctrines, sedition, disease, etc). rozpowszechnianie The Taleban in Afghanistan recently accused several Christians of disseminating

soundbite

popular, catchy and pleasant sounding words that in fact convey very little substance, often used with reference to political speeches. When the prime minister declared he wouldn't involve himself in any argy-bargy with the Argentineans it all sounded very nice, but what did he really mean it was pure sound bite, the sort of thing the public wanted to hear!

downgraded

lowered in rank, etc. 2 o pogarszającej się jakości The sergeant was informed that his actions were irresponsible and that he was going to be downgraded to the rank of corporal. (2) The quality of McDougal's flour has definitely been downgraded recently, don't you think?

electorate

body of electors, those entitled to vote. elektorat The electorate of Poland has once again decided to choose a communist government.

vicissitudes

Continuous changes and problems which affect someone's life ups and downs. He would often sit and reflect on the vicissitudes of his life.

whistleblower

Sb who makes secret information public. David Shayler, the MI5 whistle-blower, is taking his case to the European Court of Human Rights.

politicising

give political character to. upolityczniać I wish you'd stop politicizing about Gerald's birthday being a great moment for the state and just give him your best wishes

politic

sagacious, prudent, judicious, expedient. rozważnie I think Anna's saying about Gerald's birthday being a great moment for the state was rather politic considering her own forthcoming candidacy to be elected to Gerald's party!

electioneering

the busying of oneself in elections, trying to get elected. agitacja wyborcza When the prime minister announced that he was increasing pensions, some people accused him of already indulging in electioneering and not really being concerned about the plight of the elderly!

wishywashy

Either weak or unclear ideas or a person whose ideas are thus. The problem with the Liberal Democrats is that their policies are so wishy-washy.

quango

a QUAsi- Non-Governmental Organization. Some people say that the new committee set up to study government inefficiency will not really find anything wrong as it is just a quango and not really separate from the government!

constituency

body of voters who elect a representative, area so represented. okręg wyborczy Most of the people in my constituency vote Tory, but I never will!

ballot

secret voting, or (verb) process of voting in such a way. tajne głosowanie The union members were asked to vote in a ballot for a new leader.
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Komentarze (12)

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.

Brak?

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