Filologia angielska - słownictwo

Zestaw 2500 słówek i wyrażeń przydatnych na studiach filologii angielskiej oraz osobom uczącym się angielskiego na zaawansowanym poziomie.

2501-2550 z 2565
Science and Technology
to gain access to the contents of a computer's memory without permission,

Hacking is illegal and you can get jailed for breaking into somebody's programs. Hackers need to be careful since they may be easily caught while modifying a program.

Science and Technology
Computer Aided Design: use of computers to design cars, buildings, etc.,
projektowanie wspomagane komputerowo

This company was the first to use CAD programs to design aircraft.

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a mineral containing a metal or some other substance for which it is mined,

They were over joyed when they found a major vein of platinum ore.

water purification plant
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plant in which waste water is purified to be used again, or to avoid pollution,
oczyszczalnia ścieków

They built a new water purification plant outside the city.

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produce exact copies of sth,
wykonać replikę czegoś

The drug prevents the virus from replicating itself.

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existing since or before birth,
choroba wrodzona

Doctors say cancer is a congenital disease.

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the complete set of genes in a cell,

Scientists have managed to map the human genome.

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instrument or tool intended for a certain function,

A computer is a wonderful device.

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failure to function normally,
niesprawność sprzętu

A malfunction of the computer has been detected.

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three letter ending of a computer file,

The extension for documents is "DOC."

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grayish metal made by mixing lead and tin,
stop cynowy

She has a lot of jewelry made of pure pewter.

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smokeless explosive made from nitro glycerin and guncotton,

The army uses cordite to blow up bridges.

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a very good copy,
kopia, replika

Scientists are trying to make replicas of certain genes.

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far reaching effect,

No one knows what the repercussions of genetic engineering will be.

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Heart transplants weren't feasible just fifty years ago.

to browse
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about a computer directory; to look through in order to find i.e. a file,

Computer users browse the Web to find relevant files.

software piracy
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illegal copying of computer software,
piractwo komputerowe

Software piracy is a threat to program writers and computer companies.

genetic fingerprints
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genetic information used to aid the identification of someone,
genetyczny odcisk palca

Police can now identify a murder 60 years after the fact with genetic fingerprinting.

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to move information or programmes from one part of a computer system to another

I have downloaded this program from the Internet.

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to make a computer or other machine better and able to do more things

I've upgraded my computer and now it works much faster.

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to make something more modern in the way it looks or operates

It is absolutely essential to update your virus program at least once a month, preferably once a week.

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to make, build or change especially for one person

This program allows computer users to customise the start menu.

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to make as perfect or effective as possible

You can optimise your computer for reliability or speed, most users choose speed.

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to look for and remove causes of trouble in machines etc.

Trouble-shooting computers is part logic, part experience, part black art; but also a complete pain in the neck.

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a small fault in the operation of something

They can't manufacture the device till they've ironed out all the production glitches.

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(of a system of counting) using the two numbers, 0 and 1, as a base

Because electricity has only two possible states, on or off, computers must perforce operate in binary.

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a particular way in which a computer will perform an operation, unless the user gives it different instructions

As many people don't like the default appearance of Windows, many programs exist to customise the way it looks and works.

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to suddenly stop working

I couldn't draw my money because the bank's computer system had crashed.

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to find and bring back

A computer can retrieve stored information in a matter of seconds.

scroll up/down
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to move (information) on a computer screen in a continuous movement

Could you scroll down a few lines, please?

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a type of computer programme that allows figures to be shown on the screen so that calculations can be quickly made

The power of modern spreadsheet programs to manipulate figures and calculate future projections makes them indispensable to most businesses.

optical fibre
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a thread-like piece of glass or plastic used for sending information, for example in a telephone or computer system

The old trans-Atlantic undersea cables had a rather limited capacity until they were replaced with fibre optic cables.

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an apparatus, instrument or tool for a particular purpose

A common advertising wordplay is that the advertised appliance is an appliance of science.

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a piece of equipment which is connected to a computer to help in using the computer

The most common peripherals today are printers and scanners, but digital cameras are catching up.

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to search computer material

To read information on the internet you use a browser, to find the item you want you use a search engine; this is what is called browsing.

surf the net
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to look quickly through the messages on the Internet

Surfing the net with a high-speed modem seems to be what most kids aspire to these days.

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a small piece of equipment, the name of which we cannot remember or do not know

He invented some gizmo for resealing fizzy drink bottles.

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a small fault in the system of instructions that operates a computer

There's a bug in the program that's preventing the list from being sorted.

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a collection of information on a computer that is stored under a particular name

In the past files had to be given short eight letter names, but now we have the luxury of 255 characters.

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to start a computer up again after it has stopped working

If all else fails, reboot the computer.

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to make a copy of the information on a computer programme or disk

Floppy disks used to be the basic back-up media for home users but re-writable CD's are slowly taking over.

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the virtual environment of electronic communication, the Internet

For many people cyberspace gives them far greater freedom than they could ever have in everyday life.

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connected to the Internet;

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not connected to the Internet

You can write e-mail messages off-line, but you must be online to send them.

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a scientist or engineer or other expert who is one of a group of similar people who have political power as well as technical knowledge.

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to be influenced by technocrats

The current technocratic administration is blind to the damage being done to the environment

computer literate
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Somebody with sufficient knowledge and skill to use a computer

It is essential these days to be computer literate

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A difference between two or more things, attitudes or opinions

There is a divergence of opinion on the benefits of technology.

an exact science
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a particular activity is an exact science if follows set rules and affords accurate results.

Freud wished that analysis would be considered an exact science on a par with medicine.

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somebody or sth that is considered to be so good that the should be copied or imitated.

They viewed their achievements as an exemplar of progress.

2501-2550 z 2565
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Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.