Filologia angielska - słownictwo

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
101-150 z 2565
Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

trauma

2) a mental state of extreme shock caused by a very frightening and unpleasant experience After being raped Jessica had to spend several months in hospital to get cured of the constant trauma

vengeance

something violent or harmful you do to someone to punish him or her for harming you zemsta After her daughter was killed Kate is overwhelmed by a desire of vengeance.

mobster

member of an organised criminal group gangster People say that a famous and dangerous mobster rules this part of our city.

to accomplish

to succeed in doing something, especially after trying very hard osiągać, dokonywać Slowly but surely I have accomplished everything I wanted to.

reluctant

slow and unwilling ociągający się She seemed reluctant to join in the discussion.

die hard

someone opposes change and refuses to accept new ideas nie dający się łatwo wykorzenić My father is a real die hard. He will never get used to pierced noses and vividly dyed hair one can see on the street nowadays.

inmate

someone who is kept in a prison or mental hospital pensjonariusz, więzień Yesterday morning one of the inmates of our mental hospital escaped unexpectedly.

retribution

severe punishment that is deserved zadośćuczynienie People are convicted that all criminals should get a retribution for their deeds.

extortionate

an extortionate price, demand, etc. is extremely high wygórowany We wanted to take exams in French this month but we found the demands extortionate.

random

happening or chosen without any particular plan, aim or pattern losowo, przypadkowo The killer selected his victims at random.

superintendent

a police officer of a high rank nadinspektor Detective Superintendent Ron Marsh

sombre

dark and dull ciemny, mroczny The room was painted in sombre colours

closure

the permanent closing, e.g. of a business zamknięcie The firm is threatened with closure.

postpone

arranging that something will happen at a later time than planned odraczać, przesuwać w czasie Because of illness, the concert is postponed until further notice.

abrupt

sudden and unexpected nagły An abrupt change of plan.

bereaved

having had a relative or close friend die dotknięty śmiercią bliskiej osoby I've been bereaved since my wife died.

parole

allowing a prisoner to go free before the end of his term in prison on condition that he continues to behave well zwolnienie warunkowe z więzienia He's going to be released on parole.

relinquish

to stop having or doing something zaprzestać Relinquishing the quest for revenge has given him release.

mugger

a person who attacks and robs sb in the street The mugger hit him on the head and ran away with his suitcase. Some young mugger robbed me of my purse as I was walking down this street last night.

arsonist

a person who illegally sets fire to a building The arsonist set fire to the building by throwing a petrol bomb through the window.

joyriding

a ride in a stolen car The boy was arrested for joyriding after the police recognized the stolen car he was driving.

caught redhanded

caught during committing a crime przyłapany na gorącym uczynku The judge didn't need any further proof as the accused was caught redhanded.

to do time

to spend a period of time in prison as punishment for a crime The terrorist will do time at Trencham Prison.

defamation

a lie about sb that damages one's reputation zniesławienie This article is a defamation of an honest politician.

manslaughter

murder that is not fully intentional or premeditated nieumyślne zabójstwo The drunken driver was convicted for manslaughter after his car hit three people.

perjury

the action of telling a lie in a lawcourt krzywoprzysięstwo Two of my employees were convicted for perjury as they lied to judge to protect me.

battering

the criminal act of treating sb violently or threatening them napastowanie He was found innocent of battering his small child.

ram-raiding

driving a stolen car through a shop window and stealing the goods inside They were accused of ram-raiding as they first stole a car and then robbed the drugstore driving into it in the vehicle.

plaintiff

a person that brings a legal action against sb in a lawcourt The jury found for the plaintiff, so the accused had to apologize.

acquitted

allowed to go free with no blame attached The guilt was not proved so the accused was acquitted.

bailiff

a person who calls the witnesses when it is their turn to come into the courtroom I heard bailiff shouting my surname and I knew it was my turn to testify.

to be on the beat

of policeman, to walk around an area to prevent trouble patrolować Our local constable used to be on the beat in the evenings so we felt pretty safe on the streets.

petty crime

less serious offences The teenagers were arrested for spraying graffiti on various buildings, which is a good example of the sorts of petty crime young people get involved in round here.

abduct

to take sb away illegally Parents won't allow their children to walk to school alone in case they are abducted.

larceny

theft He was accused of larceny - they said he'd stolen CDs from a shop.

criminalize

to make sth illegal by passing a new law The Pope has said many times that abortion should be criminalized.The Pope has often called for the criminalization of abortion.

scapegoat

sb who is blamed for sth bad even if it is not their fault kozioł ofiarny He claimed he had been made a scapegoat for the administration failures.

confidence trickster

sb who deceives or cheats people naciągacz a slick, fasttalking confidence trickster

contempt of court

disobedience or disrespect towards a court of law, not doing what a judge or a court of law has told you to do obraza sądu As a result of contempt of court he was fined

to fiddle the accounts/ to cook the books

to give false figures in a company's financial records manipulować w księgach handlowych He was caught while fiddling the accounts.

probation

a system that allows some criminals not to go to prison or to be released early if they behave well and see a probation officer regularly, for a fixed period of time kuratela The court fined him and gave him two year's probation.

to endorse a licence

a note placed on sb's driving licence after being caught committing a driving offence wpisać naruszenie przepisów do prawa jazdy After jumping the lights he had his licence endorsed.

to wipe out/stamp out/clamp down on crime

to take every possible step in order to end or reduce crime zlikwidować przestępczość The president promised to clamp down on crime as quickly as possible.

to be at large

when a criminal is at large he's free and can commit crimes grasować People are afraid to walk the streets as the murderer is still at large.

embezzle

to steal money from the place where you work malwersować She embezzled $10,000 by falsifying the accounts

black marketing

the system by which people illegally buy and sell foreign money and goods that are difficult to obtain spekulacja There's a thriving black market in vehicle parts

tax evasion

avoiding to pay taxes uchylanie się od płacenia podatków Al. Capone was arrested for tax evasion.

to extort

to illegally force sb to give you money by threatening them wymuszać The landlord tried to cover his losses by extorting high rents from tenants.

genocide

the deliberate killing of a nation or race of people Genocide is characteristic of the Second World War.

ethnic cleansing

the policy or practice of killing or driving out of an area the people of one race or religion by those of another Ethnic cleansing was first brought into practice by the Serbs in the former Yugoslavia.
101-150 z 2565
Komentarze (12)

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.

Brak?

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