Filologia angielska - słownictwo

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
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Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład


short-horned grasshoppers migrating in swarms and stripping the vegetation from large areas. A locust plague swept over the land and the crops were decimated.


The locusts cut a swathe of devastation through the farmland, devouring everything in their path.

congenital diseases

that have affected sb. since birth. wady wrodzone The inhabitants of the most polluted cities are susceptible to congenital diseases.


economical in use or expenditure; prudently saving or sparing; not wasteful. The frugal Scotsman never takes a cab when he can walk. It was a frugal dinner, but very nourishing.


utterly and shamelessly immoral; recklessly prodigal or extravagant; wasteful. He's a profligate man, and no decent human being should have anything to do with him. His accountant resigned, admonishing him, "Your profligate ways are depleting your fortune."


deprived, desolated; without or having lost a particular quality or power. Once a forest stretching the river's length, the valley now lays completely bereft of trees. Bereft of their senses, the villagers rose up against the defenseless old woman.

suninduced skin cancer

skin cancer caused by unprotected overexposure to sunlight. The statistics on are alarming. Doctors suggest using sun screen to reduce the risk of suninduced skin cancer.

to resonate

to echo. The effects of the September 11th bombing will resonate throughout history - no one will ever feel safe anywhere ever again?


echoing, resounding. The resonant quality of the attack will last forever.


perceivable, hearable, that can be discerned or made out. Undoubtedly, Gerald could hear a discernible noise coming from behind the door - somebody was inside his room!


opposite to above! Of course, the noise was indiscernible to Gerald's friend - was deaf - but there was definitely somebody there.

to fortify

to make stronger. What I could do with is a little lemonade that has been fortified with a little whisky!


magical formula, spell. The wizard uttered his incantation and Gerald turned into a frog!


uproar, clamor. The hullabaloo coming from the classroom clearly indicated that yet another teacher had lost control of class three - it was so noisy!


movement of sound; fall of voice, esp at end of sentence. I like Gerald's voice - it has such a nice cadence to it...


racket, loud noise. The din coming from the music hall clearly indicated that the new group still had to have several practice sessions!


discordant sound. As Gerald entered the pub a cacophony of sound greeted his ears - with no single voice predominating.


sweet sounding. The melodious voice of the birds singing in the trees awoke Gerald from his gentle slumber!


pleasant sounding. Most lullabies are deliberately designed to be as euphonious as possible.

dulcet (tones)

sweet soothing sound. The dulcet tones of the female opera singer floated across the concert hall, much to the audience's delight.


noisy. The clamorous noise from the football stadium indicated that an exciting match was taking place.


melodious (see above). The guitar players singing was most tuneful - pity about his actual guitar playing!


harsh sounding. The raucous noise coming from the car's engine perhaps suggested that two parts were rubbing against each other...

to raise a hue and cry over sth

to make a lot of noise/create a lot of bother about sth (to complain loudly). The crowd raised a hue and cry until they were given their money back for the cancelled performance!

to drop a clanger

to make a faux pas, make a bad mistake. I hope I didn't drop a clangor when I mentioned that I saw Gerald's girlfriend out with another man last night?

as silent as the grave

deadly quiet. Everywhere it was utterly quiet - it was as silent as the grave.

to go with a bang

to go very well. Well, the party certainly seemed to go with a bang it went very well! Loud enough to waken the dead very noisy.

it's so noisy in here

almost loud enough to waken the dead!

grating on the ear

harsh sounding. I should say the violin player's tune was rather grating on the ear than very pleasant sounding - I thought someone had trodden on a cat!

fossil fuels

such as coal or oil that is produced by the very gradual decaying of animals or plants over millions of years. paliwa kopalne Environmentalists would like to see fossil fuels replaced by renewable energy sources.

nuclear waste

waste and material from nuclear reactors, which is radioactive. There are no easy solutions to the problems of nuclear waste disposal.

noxious (gases)

harmful or poisonous. trujacy,szkodliwy, A heavy blanket of dust and noxious gases cover the capital for much of the year.


a very dangerous situation in which the materiel in a nuclear reactor melts and burns through its container, allowing radioactivity to escape. topnienie Reactor meltdown in 1986 released heavy isotopes and contaminated a large area around it.


the process of treating things such as paper or steel so that they can be used again. przetwarzanie Recycling is important to help protect our environment.


reduction of the amount of the sth. wyczerpywanie,uszczuplanie The consequences of the depletion of ozone layer in the atmosphere may be disastrous.


supplying land or crops with water. nawadnianie Digging irrigation ditches enabled people to plant rice in this area.


a situation in which a particular kind of animal, plant, etc. wymarcie, wyginiecie No longer exists. Conservationists are trying to save the Wale from extinction.


all the pieces that are left after sth. has been destroyed in an accident, explosion, etc. śmieci The beach was littered with debris.


destroying a large part of sth. zdziesiatkowanie The population has been decimated by disease.


chemical substances used to kill insects and small animals that destroy crops. środki owadobójcze, pestycydy The abuse of pesticides is destroying the fertile layer of the soil.


experimenting on animals. eksperymentowanie na zwierzetach During the ecological campaign environmentalists protested against vivisection.

guinea pig

someone who is used in a scientific test to see how successful or safe a new product, system. królik doświadczalny


lower, less good in quality or value. podrzędny Regarding animals as inferior creatures seems to justify experimenting on them.


(rain) very heavy. ulewny deszcz Last summer's flood in Poland was brought about by torrential rains.


(river, lake, container) full of water so that it flows over its edges. występować-z brzegów The river has overflowed its banks.


work of cutting down forest trees for timber, wycinka drzewa Logging causes deaths of many animals living in forest. The government should forbid logging since there are almost no forests left in our country.


the most highly developed order of mammals, ssaki naczelne Human beings, as well as apes, monkeys and lemurs, belong to primates. Human beings should take special care of monkeys since they also belong to primates.


a body of a dead animal especially one that is to be cut up as meat , padlina I saw vultures picking at a lion's carcass. I would never be able to eat monkey's carcass as some people do.


natural home of a plant or animal, środowisko Africa is not the natural habitat of the polar bear.


person who illegally hunts animals, kłusownik Poachers have almost wiped out the African elephant.
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Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.


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