Filologia angielska - słownictwo

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
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Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład


'Ditto', he replied.


Sudden expression of anger or excitement among a large group of people about something that has happened. The decision of the government to make students pay for their university education has caused considerable furore in academic circles.

to give sb the creeps

To make someone feel nervous. Have you noticed the way Professor Blackwell looks at his students? He really gives me the creeps.


Behaving in a superior manner There's nothing worse than being stuck in a classroom with 15 snotty school kids.

t.a. (teacher's assistant)

not unlike an APPRENTICE or INTERN, a T. A.'s work is performed in exchange for experience (and, in this case, tuition credit) rather than substantial monetary remuneration. In order to finance his doctoral work, he put in a few semesters as a teacher's assistant. I don't even think the professors ever look at our essays. They just get their T.A.s to do it all. We'd hoped to have access to Tannen herself, but most lectures

an egghead

an informal (often disparaging) term for a "pointy-headed intellectual": Also: NERD. Sure, all the eggheads are voting for Stevenson, but how many eggheads are there? Eggheads unite! You have nothing to use but your yolks.


in such skilled, professional careers as medicine, law, etc., a trainee is referred to as an intern, an ASSISTANT or a JUNIOR... (rather than an APPRENTICE, which see) and, hopefully, earns at least a token sum while completing their ON-THE-JOB TRAINING. praktykant I was alarmed when it appeared as though an intern would be performing Dad's triple bypass. The interns always get stuck with the dirtiest job. Well, I guess somebody's gotta do it!


To go swimming naked. An old and rather odd tradition at Oxford is for Professors to go skinny-dipping in the Cherwell before breakfast.

to jot

to write or mark sth down quickly or briefly (usu. fol. by DOWN). Hang on a second. Let me jot that date down. I have a terrible memory.

a fraternity

Greeks; a "brotherhood", or service club of male students, usu. living in the same house. The female counterpart is called a SORORITY. He decided that joining a fraternity would be a foot in the door to postgrad networking. I survived Kappa Delta's killer 10keg sorority bash last weekend, dude. Unreal!


subsidiary, supplementary; joined, attached or associated, esp. in an auxiliary or subordinate relationship, usu. of a person working at an institution, e.g. a college, without full or permanent status. The private Higher School of Coś Tam next door depends largely on adjunct faculty. The Civil War was the first to see railroads used as an adjunct to military operations.

class clown

a disruptive, joke-cracking group member starved for attention. You'll have to excuse Jorguś's behavior; I'm afraid he's our resident class clown.

cafeteria or dining hall

a place in a school building where meals are provided for staff and students. a canteen, like mess hall, is a rather more military sounding term, more likely to be encountered at a military academy or on a military base. stołówka Man, you missed it! There was a food fight in the dining hall yesterday. Flying Twinkies! I usually study in the cafeteria; it's quieter than the library. Yes sir, Sarge. We'll report to the canteen for K.P. duty on the double.


the study of the punishment of crime, esp. prison management. Get a load of this: my girlfriend is a penologist! I really have to watch my step!

school grounds or a college campus

the total property of a school or college, often including several separate buildings, a "quad" (sth like Park Mickiewicza), sports fields, and parking lots, etc. The creation of "drug-free zones" introduced stiffer penalties for possession of controlled substances and weapons on or within 500yds. of school grounds. The first two years I lived in the dorm but then I moved off campus.


a snitch, an informer; usu. used by kids of one who alerts an authority (parent, teacher, grown-up) to a peer's secret misdeed, cheating, etc.: blabbermouth, squealer, fink, rat, nark. skarżypyta Thanks a lot, tattle-tale! You got me into a heap of trouble when you told on me! There goes the snitch now, making a beeline for Principal Wallace's office. Let's get him!


doorman, concierge; a person who guards the main door of a large building. woźny It's prudent to charm the Novum porters after all, they do hold the keys to the kingdom.

teacher's pet

the student in a group who infuriatingly wins the admiration and respect of the instructor through conscientiousness, diligence and high test scores, to the chagrin of the rest of the class. Ugh! Looks like Ewa is going to be the teacher's pet once again this year.


a custodian, maintenance man, handyman, superintendent, caretaker; (in a church: sexton). The janitor swept the halls every morning and fired up the furnace before the students arrived.

a swot

Brit. slang (both n. and v.) meaning both to study or work hard, esp. when trying to get good examination results, and a student who studies hard; and seems to have no other interests. kujon Marek's such a swot! He'd rather sit at home reading Brumfit than go to the U2 concert.

a swot

The mocking term "swot" dates back to the mid 1800s and is a dialectic variant of "sweat".

crib notes

a concealed copy of a translation, list of correct answers, or other illicit aid (such as condensed lecture notes used by students while reciting, taking exams, or the like. (See CHEAT SHEETS) ściągawki Thank God the proctors turned a blind eye! If not for those crib notes I'd be repeating the year!

to skip a class / blow off an exam

to opt not to attend. We skipped the lecture and went for a beer. Iza was supposed to sit an exam this morning but she just blew it off.

yob or yobbo

Brit. slang for a rude or troublesome young man; a teenage lout or hooligan. nicpoń, nierób What a yob! He doesn't even know that one should always remember to thank one's hostess!

yob or yobbo

The term "yob" dates back to the mid 1800s and is a consciously reversed form of "boy".

a grant

money given esp. by the state for a particular purpose (usu. research), such as to a university or to a student during a period of study. stypenium I still haven't heard from the foundation whether my grant will be extended or not.


(both n. and v.) a petty tyrant, esp. a schoolboy, who hurts or intentionally frightens weaker boys, often intimidating them into handing over their lunch money in little league protection racket. ktoś, kto się znęca nad słabszymi The bully terrorized the smaller boys into doing his bidding. The Taliban has called the US a "world bully". He loved to bully his younger brother.

to be truant / to play hooky

to be absent from school without permission. wagarować Her excessive truancy resulted in her being suspended from studies. Shouldn't you be in class right now? You're not playing hooky again, are you?

a grind / a crammer

an informal term for an excessively diligent student. (See SWOT) My roommate is such a grind! She's always studying like mad.

to crib (from)

to pilfer or steal, esp. to plagiarize, i.e. to copy from some source, be unoriginal. zwalać od kogoś His research paper failed since fully half of it was cribbed straight from Sarett and Foster. She was caught trying to crib answers from her neighbor during the exam.

a makeup test

an exam in cosmetics (just kidding!). Actually, a student who failed to appear for a test but has a documented excuse for the absence is entitled to 'make up' the missed test.


a stick of colored wax or chalk used by children for writing or drawing, esp. on paper. kredka świecowa Mom! Eddie broke my yellow crayon in two! Grandma gave our twoyear-old a new 16-pack of crayons.

a bookworm

an avid reader; sb who also has his/her nose in a book. Going to curl up with War and Peace? Don't be such a bookworm, come see the film with us.

to cram (for a test or exam)

to study in a rather panicked and superficial, last-minute, 11th-hour sort of way, esp. the night before an exam, or even in the corridor right before entering C-1 to be tested. If all you do is try to cram for the exam, you might pass but you won't retain a whole lot. They were up all night with their lists, cramming for the vocabulary test.

a resit

(both n. and v.) an examination taken again. egzamin poprawkowy Well, Bolek, looks like we'll be seeing you in September at the resit. Students who failed or had low scores were offered an opportunity to retake the test.


dress/clothing. strój You're attire's very smart today - have you got an interview


put on/worn. być przyodzianym Having donned his hat, Gerald decided it was time to leave!


obvious. oczywisty I'm surprised the contestant got that question wrong - I thought the answer was quite blatant!


well founded, healthy. pewny, rozsądny Investing for one's future seems like a sound idea to me.


fair, just. sprawiedliwy Blaming the poor for their poverty seems hardly equitable to me.


trickery, deceit. przebiegłość I've had enough of your chicanery why can't you be less deceitful for a change?


prosper, or to brandish sth. kwitnąć, wymachiwać, wywijać Plants won't flourish unless you water them!


impress upon. wpajać coś komuś I cannot inculcate upon you enough that you must think about your future!


revert to ancestral character (usu. In passive), compel to rely on. przejaw czegoś z przeszłości As neither Gerald nor his wife had red hair, they could only assume that their baby's red hair was a throwback to Gerald's Celtic origins?


(adj astute, wise. uczony Only once you have studied law for many years and are truly learned may you become a judge.


estimation. oszacowanie, ocena It's difficult to give an accurate appraisal of the situation following the earthquake, but things do look bad.

to abide by

obey, remain faithful to. One should always abide by the law, no matter how unreasonable it is!

precluded by

prevented. The possibility of the company being sued is precluded by this clause here...

to pass with flying colours

to excel, do very well - esp. in an exam or test. After studying very hard, Gerald passed his exams with flying colors!

rite of passage

initiation. Going out for a drink on one's eighteenth birthday is almost considered a rite of passage by some people in Britain!
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Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.


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