Filologia angielska - słownictwo

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
1301-1350 z 2565
Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

in decline

going downhill, deteriorating! Many a person's memory may go into decline as they get older.

to come a cropper

to succumb to some misfortune, fail. If you don't study hard for your exams you'll come a cropper - like my grandmother who wasn't concentrating when she was walking on the ice!

to be up a gum tree

to be in a difficult position. With only one parachute between the three of them and the plane about to crash, they were definitely up a gum tree - or at least the other two were, decided Gerald!

to have one's work cut out

to face a situation in which one has a lot of work to do if one is to succeed. Tony Blair has his work cut out for him if he is going to create peace in the middle east.

to be in the soup

to be in trouble. Gerald's in the soup - he's smashed yet another window while playing football!

to be no great shakes at sth

to not be very good at sth. I'm afraid I'm no great shakes at decorating - I'd only make a mess of things if I tried to help!

to go to pot

to go to rack and ruin, to go wrong. With the defection of our top spy all our plans have gone to pot!

to come up to scratch

to meet required standards. The manager wondered if his new recruit would really come up to scratch - as he seemed very nervous?

to be sitting pretty

to be in a comfortable position. With five games left and only one more point needed to win the league, there was no doubt Portsmouth football club were sitting pretty.


formal, formalny He had no institutional education.

to muck up

fail, as in an exam, zawalać He mucked up his speaking exam, so now he'll have to repeat the year.

expressive ability

how well one expresses his/her thoughts, umiejętność wysławiania się I have no expressive abilities. No one knows what I'm talking about.


first year student in an university, pierwszak When I was a freshman I walked in on the wrong class three times.


second year student in a university, drugoklasista My sophomore year was the most difficult.

to hone

improve, esp. Skills, rozwijać Teachers constantly hone their skills and become better teachers.


said of memory; able to hold facts and remember them, dobra pamięć He had great retentive memory, so he passed the exam.


hard and uninteresting work, harówka Homework is sheer drudgery.

vocational school

schools teaching specific skills for a job, szkoła zawodowa My brother graduated from a vocational school in engineering.


all the subjects that are taught in a school, college or university, program nauczania Computer studies is not on the curriculum at our school.


Latin has been introduced into the school curriculum this year.


the student who has received the best marks overall in his or her years in high school, college or university, najlepszy uczen Jane has been working really hard for the last four years to be valedictorian.


Valedictorian is a person who gives the farewell speech at commencement.


officially join a school or course, zapisac na kurs You must enroll in your courses before August.


that teaches sth, edukacyjna This book is very educational


a private teacher who teaches one person or a very small group, korepetytor She has a tutor who helps her in English.


I need a few tutorial classes in math because I don't understand anything.


any person who teaches, pedagog, nauczyciel Contemporary educators must take several methods into account nowadays.


a teacher who teaches strictly for memorization, pedagog An educator must be more than a pedagogue these days.

sewage treatment plant

a place where sewage is treated to render it harmless. oczyszczalnia ścieków The people of the community were up in arms about the proposed sewage treatment plant. The shortage of sewage treatment plants is among Poland's major environmental problems.

catalytic converter

an antipollution device used in motor vehicles to render some pollutants in the exhaust gases harmless, thereby reducing emissions damage to the environment. This old bus cranks out such noxious fumes because it has no catalytic converter.


land that has wet and spongy soil, as a marsh, swamp, or bog. The developers managed to get around the law by creating new wetlands elsewhere to replace those they sought to destroy.


a season of heavy rain that comes in the summer. Also: a type of wind. I was caught off guard by the monsoon floods but the locals took it all in stride.

carbon dioxide

a colorless, odorless, incombustible gas, CO2, present in the atmosphere and formed during respiration. Dry ice, carbonated beverages and fire extinguishers all use carbon dioxide.


an offensive smell or foul odor; a terrible stink. The stench of burnt plastic was unmistakable.

to alleviate

to make sth easier to endure; lessen in intensity; mitigate. The program was intended to alleviate inner city poverty. This medication should alleviate the soreness.

to deplete

to decrease seriously or exhaust the abundance or supply of sth. The drought has depleted our supply of water. The panel expressed concern over the continued depletion of the ozone layer.


to convert (bare or cultivated land) into forest. Afforestation efforts have met with no lack of volunteers.

to deforest

to divest or clear of forests or trees. Local politicians turned a blind eye when the industry deforested thousands of acres of virgin wilderness.


a tropical shrub or low tree growing in marshes or tidal shores, noted for interlacing above-ground roots sent down from its branches. Our guide took us to see a beautiful mangrove forest.


to make a solid become liquid; remove or destroy; disappear. Dissolve the chocolate in the top of a double boiler: melt, render, soften. The final decree dissolved their marriage: end, terminate, finish, conclude. The mysterious rider dissolved into the mists: vanish, fade.


a condition of general bodily weakness, discomfort or vague unease, often marking the onset of a disease. Also: an unhealthy or disordered condition. There seems to be no remedy for this global malaise. Mother isn't really sick, but she's had a malaise all winter.


the processes by which an area becomes a desert, usu. involving drought combined with the overexploitation of existing plant life. The government revised its land use policy in an effort to halt desertification.


under the surface of water (esp. the sea) or any other enveloping medium; inundated; hidden, covered, or unknown. The submarine submerged The raging waters submerged the tiny village. She submerged the clothes in the sudsy water.


any smokelike or vaporous exhalation, esp. of an odorous or harmful nature. The fumes from his cigar made dining disagreeable. The smokestack fumed in great black billows. When he hung up the phone, he was really fuming: furious.

to fell sth

to knock, strike, shoot, or cut down; cause to fall: to fell a moose; to fell a tree. Gilgamesh felled the great cedar forests where now only desert reigns. As a boy, George Washington confessed to having felled his father's cherry tree.

to disseminate

to scatter or spread widely, as if sowing seed; promulgate extensively; broadcast; disperse. Plato's philosophy has been disseminated throughout the world. Not only despots seek to control the dissemination of accurate information.


being dirty and dangerous because of chemicals or poison. skażenie Contamination of the environment is one of the burning issues.


a rice field or the rice itself, esp. in the husk, either uncut or gathered. After half a day in the rice paddies my feet began to itch like hell.

to wallow

to indulge oneself; luxuriate; revel, bask in, relish. Pigs love to wallow: roll or lie in the mud. Since the inheritance she's been wallowing in luxury. He's been wallowing in selfpity ever since she left him.


a small, rounded stone, esp. one worn by the action of water. He tossed pebbles at her window, trying to get her attention without waking the whole house. Djoompeeniman was an ancient board game played using pebbles of various colors.
1301-1350 z 2565
Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.


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