Filologia angielska - słownictwo

Zestaw 2500 słówek i wyrażeń przydatnych na studiach filologii angielskiej oraz osobom uczącym się angielskiego na zaawansowanym poziomie.

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to point the finger at sb
Crime and Punishment
to indicate that sb is to blame for sth.

Well, that was quite a surprise - when Jones pointed the finger at Hopkins!

to carry the can
Crime and Punishment
to take the whole blame for sth.

to carry the can
Crime and Punishment
I don't know, I suppose it was not such a surprise that Jones decided not to carry the can!

to leave no stone unturned
Crime and Punishment
to investigate thoroughly.

The police have declared that they will leave no stone unturned in their attempt to catch the crooks who robbed the bank.

to tip sb the wink
Crime and Punishment
to give sb/let sb know usually secret/confidential information.

The police knew that sb was going to rob the bank as sb had tipped them the wink.

to case the joint
Crime and Punishment
to observe a property/place before robbing it.

Apparently the thieves had been casing the joint for ages before finally burgling it.

to be in cahoots with sb
Crime and Punishment
to be in (secret) collusion with sb.

Criminals, like spies, are quite often in cahoots with one another.

an open and shut case
Crime and Punishment
a straightforward case, one easily proved in court.

a last ditch attempt
Crime and Punishment
a final attempt.

The criminals made a last ditch attempt to open the safe by blowing it up, but unfortunately they blew up its contents as well!

Crime and Punishment
killing sb but not necessarily deliberately,
nieumyślne zabójstwo

The charge has been reduced to manslaughter.

Crime and Punishment
A strong reaction against events, normally political or social

The government is facing a backlash over its policy on Europe.

Crime and Punishment
Evil or criminal.

The nefarious nature of pedophilia is yet to be fully understood.

Crime and Punishment
The period of time after something such as a war, accident, storm, etc when people are still dealing with the results.

It's difficult be objective in the aftermath of such terrible crimes.

Crime and Punishment
a copycat crime is one that is believed to have been influenced by another, often famous, crime because it is so similar,

It looks like a copycat murder, although we have to investigate if it was not the same murderer as the last time, Many people commit copycat crimes because they are fascinated by other criminals.

Crime and Punishment
telling lies in a law court,

Mark lied to the judge to protect his wife and was convicted of perjury. The judge warned the witness not to perjure herself.

Crime and Punishment
a person who helps another person to do wrong, usually a criminal,

The kidnaper would not be able to do it on his own, he must have had an accomplice. During the investigation the criminal admitted he had an accomplice.

Crime and Punishment
absence of moral or spiritual values,

Terrorism is an act of iniquity.

Crime and Punishment
a serious crime,
ciężkie przestępstwo

Murder is a felony.

lese majesty
Crime and Punishment
undermining one's government,
przestępstwo przeciwko władzom kraju

He was imprisoned for lese majesty. Guy Fawlkes' attempt to blow up parliament was lese majesty.

Crime and Punishment
letting a prisoner go free before the end of his/her term as reward for good behavior, etc.,
zwolnienie warunkowe

He's going to be released on parole soon.

Crime and Punishment
money paid to kidnappers for the release of a victim,

The kidnappers demanded a ransom of $5,000,000 for the boy's release.

to acquit
Crime and Punishment
formally declare in court that a person is not guilty of a crime,

The jury acquitted her of murder, and she went home.

Crime and Punishment
one who gets pleasure in starting fires, one sick with pyromania,

The pyromaniac almost burnt the house down.

Crime and Punishment
deliberate murder of a whole community or race of people,

Hitler and Stalin are recent history's most terrible perpetrators of genocide.

Crime and Punishment
lying in court,

He committed perjury so that his cousin wouldn't have to go to jail.

Crime and Punishment
get money or promises through threats,

He extorted $2,000 from local shopkeepers, telling them they'd "pay" if they didn't pay.

Crime and Punishment
To do something without fear of being punished.

During the 1980s Polish UB officers could behave with impunity.

Crime and Punishment
an accusation of somebody being guilty of a crime,

Being confronted with an imputation embezzlement he decided to resign from the bank.

Crime and Punishment
to negate a statement one has made,
wyprzeć się, wycofać

Some witnesses recanted their statements after being threatened.

Crime and Punishment
postponement or delay of punishment,

He got a temporary reprieve so the courts could go over his case again.

Crime and Punishment

Guy Fawlkes was too proud to plead for clemency, so they tore him to pieces.

Crime and Punishment
to punish or speak to someone severly;
surowo karać

Criminals need to be castigated in order to learn a lesson.

Crime and Punishment
to imprison,

The thief was incarcerated in the county jail

Crime and Punishment
to free someone of blame,
oczyscić z oskarżen

His testimony exonerated the company of wrongdoing.

search warrant
Crime and Punishment
official document giving the police the right to search someone's home,
nakaz rewizji

When the police got the search warrant they found the evidence they needed.

Crime and Punishment
being involved in a crime,

He was charged with complicity in the murder.

Crime and Punishment
said of evidence illustrating one is guilty of a crime,

The bloody glove was solid incriminating evidence that he'd killed her.

Crime and Punishment
to surrender, give in.

The Taleban leader said his forces would never capitulate and would keep fighting to the very last man!

Crime and Punishment
punishment one gives sb in return for harm they caused,

Vengeance is mine sayeth the Lord.

to edify
To improve someone's mind or character by teaching them something.

Surely one of the benefits of a university education is the edifying effects it has on young people.

Seriousness which is respected

Everyone fell silent during Professor BingleySmith's speech which lent a certain gravitas to the event.

A small amount of something, especially of good quality.

Academically she is not very bright, but at least she has a modicum of common sense.

Unnecessary noise and activity.

I'm having difficulty concentrating on what the teacher says as there is always a lot of kerfuffle during class.

hotch potch
A number of things mixed up without a sensible order or arrangement.

The most frustrating things for teachers of writing is making sense of the students' hotch potch ideas

A stupid appearance

He looks so gormless, you'd never guess he was a Professor of mathematics.

vocational training
preparation for a specific job rather than for life in general or simply enjoyment.
szkoła zawodowa

Opting out of a liberal arts college, Joe went instead for vocational training to become a welder.

an applepolisher
toady one who curries favor by being overly helpful and full of praise for sb, esp. a superior, usu. in an insincere way: BACK-SCRATCHER, BROWN-NOSER, BOOT-LICKER, ASS-KISSER, etc.

The only reason he gets good grades is because he's such a shameless apple polisher. What a bunch of brownnosers! They won't even tell the boss when he's making a big mistake.

cheat sheets
small scraps of paper (loaded with microscopic scribblings of information) which ill-prepared students resort to pass an examination dishonestly, as by having improper access to answers.

Bolek was caught red-handed with a whole sleeve full of crib notes.

indentured servant learning a trade in a guild of merchants, craftsmen or artisans one who works in return for being taught and is paid very little if at all.

My grandfather learned shoemaking as an apprentice to a master cobbler.

Used to say that you think the same as someone else

'I really am quite worried about my exams.'

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Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.