Filologia angielska - słownictwo

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
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Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

top dog

the boss, number one. Who's the top dog round here? I want to speak to the boss.

nonverbal

not using word: Using body language is a great example of nonverbal communication. niewerbalny You do not have to use any words to express your feelings- it's called nonverbal means of expression.

polyglot

a person speaking many languages poliglota I'd like to be a polyglot so that I could go to different countries and understand what people say.

polyglot

He knows eight different languages so you may say he is a polyglot.

extrovert

a person who likes to spend time in activities with other people rather than being quiet and alone , ekstrowertyk Extroverts are outgoing, sociable kind of people.

extrovert

Everybody likes her a lot because of her extroverted behavior.

medium

a means for communicating, środek przekazu English is the medium of instruction. We use telephones as medium for staying in touch with people who live far away.

gesticulation

a movement with one's hands or arms to communicate something that using only words cannot, gestykulacja He used gesticulation to help them understand. He uses gesticulation too often; he should concentrate on the words more.

discern

to understand, realize, rozeznawać się He is unable to discern what is going on. How can I discern if what he's saying is true?

shrug

to raise your shoulders to show you either don't know, or don't care about something, wzruszać ramionami "Who knows?" he said and shrugged.

telepathy

communication of thoughts and feelings between people's minds without using speech or other physical signs, telepatia If we could communicate through telepathy spoken language would die out

hedge

to avoid giving a direct answer, unikać odpowiedzi Stop hedging and answer my question.

taciturn

speaking very little, małomówny Women often accuse men of being too taciturn.

chinwag

to chat, gawiedzić My mother and aunt can chinwag for hours on end.

sign language

system of communication used by deaf - mute people involving hand gestures, język migowy In some universities you can study sign language as a second language

butt in (coll.)

to interrupt wtracac się Things were going well until you had to butt in.

chime in (coll.)

to give one's opinion about something wtrącić się He is always ready to chime in with his opinion.

banter

a light joking talk , przekomarzanie się He tried to cover his shyness with a lot of banter.

be on a different wavelength

to think differently from someone else (coll), nadawać na różnych falach We are just on different wavelengths when it comes to politics.

white lie

a harmless, unimportant lie, kłamstewko I had to tell her a little white lie so I wouldn't hurt her feelings.

to get in touch with

to contact sb through mail, phone etc, skontaktować się Please get in touch with through email

to spoil for a fight

To be very keen to have a fight or argument with someone. Every time I said something he contradicted me. It was obvious he was spoiling for a fight.

over enamoured with sthg

Liking something very much (But often used in the negative) Karen doesn't seem exactly over enamored with her new job.

to make something out

to come to understand with some difficulty, zrozumieć

altercation

Short disagreement. Since we had our little altercation she hasn't spoken to me.

hush money

bribery/money intended to keep sb quiet. The police suspected that their chief witness had been given some hush money to keep him from testifying.

gratuitous

Violence, sex, insults, cruelty, etc that is done for no reason and causes unnecessary harm or offence. The thing I hate most about Rambo films is the gratuitous violence.

clandestine

Secret activity The activities of MI6 are through necessity clandestine.

to give sb the cane

To administer corporal punishment with a long, thin stick. The headmaster gave four boys the cane because they hadn't done their homework.

dichotomy

A division in to two parts. There is something of a dichotomy over what to do with those who commit serious, anti-social criminal offences such as rape, murder and pedophilia - do we execute or rehabilitate?

volatile

Unstable and unpredictable situation The situation in Afghanistan is fairly volatile.

onus

Responsibility for lessen The onus for success rests upon the shoulders of the students.

ruthless

without pity or compassion; cruel; merciless, bezlitosny The campaign was conducted with ruthless efficiency. Attila the Hun was a ruthless tyrant.

to be/get mugged

to be assaulted or menaced and robbed, esp. in a public place, pobić kogoś He never walked the streets after dark for fear he'd get mugged.

to be/get mugged

An old lady was mugged by a gang of youngsters in the park.

a bloodbath

the violent killing of many people at one time; a ruthless slaughter; a massacre, rzeź Wounded Knee was a bloodbath; some 200 Sioux were massacred by U.S. troops.

narcoterrorism

violent crime carried out as a by-product of the illicit manufacture, trafficking, or sale of drugs, especially against any individual or instituton attempting to efforce anti-drugs laws, narkoterroryzm Mr. Belaunde described the anti-drug team members killed during a raid in Peru as heroes and said their killers were narcoterrorists.

to repress

to prevent discussion, protest, etc. by force; inhibit, quell, supress, represjonować All opposition is brutally repressed by the regime. Seasoned mercenaries were hired to repress the rebellion. It is often wrong to repress one's true feelings.

a device

a euphemistic term for a bomb, bomba A device pushed through a mail slot wrecked a recruitment center in Halifax.

prejudice

any preconceived opinion or feeling, either favorable or unfavorable, uprzedzenie Women still have to face a great deal of prejudice in the workplace. Will you be able to judge without prejudice to the defendant? Her prejudices were many, her reasons few.

angel dust

phencyclidine, also called PCP an anesthetic drug, C17H25N, used as an animal tranquilizer: also widely used in several forms as an illicit hallucinogen, anielski pył Angel dust is one of the most dangerous street drugs ever created.

guerrilla or guerilla

a member of an unofficial military group, especially one fighting to remove the government from power, attacking unexpectedly and in small groups, partyzant The terrible prospect of large-scale guerrilla warfare convinced the minister of defense that a preemptive strike would be most prudent. The term "guerrilla warfare", from the diminutive of "guerra war", dates back to 180010 and was originally used in re

ageism

discrimination or prejudice against someone on the grounds of age, especially prejudice against middle-aged and elderly people, All I said is, "We could use some fresh blood," and they accuse me of being an ageist! The government campaign against ageism was stepped up this week with a call for employers to dispense with discrimination against the elderly in job advertisments. How

hijack

to seize an airplane or other vehicle by threat or by force, esp. for ransom or political objectives, or to steal cargo from a truck or other vehicle after forcing it to stop., porwanie The recent hijackings resulted in the closing of airports and cancellation of flights. They hijacked the truck outside the city.

flimsy

Evidence or beliefs which are weak and poorly supported. The argument that the death penalty isn't really a punishment because we'll all die sooner or later is the flimsiest argument I have heard against capital punishment.

a carjacking

the forcible stealing of a vehicle from a motorist, When he has stopped at a red light, he is forced out of his vehicle at knife or gun point and the carjacker jumps in and drives off. These days drivers need to be more vigilant; the danger of carjacking is real.

assault

a sudden violent attack; onslaught. Also: to make an assault upon; attack; assail, napaść Soldiers made an assault on the enemy lines. I was unprepared for her verbal assault.

racism

a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, obviously involving the idea that one's own race is superior, rasizm Once again, racism is rearing its ugly head in Europe. She refused to perform in any locality that practiced racism.

to have sb/sth in one's sights

To suspect sb of having done sth bad, or observing sth with the intention of attacking or killing it. America have got Osama bin Laden firmly in their sights as being the man behind the WTC attack.

brute force

Using physical strength rather than thought or intelligence The American's learnt during the Vietnam War that brute force alone will not necessarily secure victory.
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Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.

Brak?

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