Filologia angielska - słownictwo

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
1151-1200 z 2565
Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład


Having extremely strong beliefs, particularly religious or political. The religious zealotry of some Islamic nations is quite disturbing.


An argument or statement which is not based on fact or reasoning and is likely to be wrong. He supported his claims with spurious evidence.


Something that increases rapidly. The proliferation of McDonalds and Pizza Hut is a good example of cultural imperialism.


An increase in power, size or importance. Some see the current war in Afghanistan as being nothing more than American aggrandizement.

cavalier attitudes

Not caring or thinking about consequences Some members of society have a rather cavalier attitude towards the law.


to send back or consign again. The accused was remanded to the custody of the lower court to await further proceedings.

correctional facility

a bleeding-heart-liberal euphemism for 'prison'. They sent the assassin to the Hannibal House of Corrections for a crash course in rehabilitation.


in the slang of drug users, a pellet or lump of "crack", highly addictive purified cocaine in crystalized form, smoked for its stimulating effects; named after its rock-like consistency, działka The rock is put in a pipe and smoked, with far more potent effects than inhaling the powder.

an inmate

a person dwelling with others in a confined place, usu. a prison or mental hospital. The undercover journalist found the treatment of asylum inmates appalling.

an inmate

Hugo stabbed a guard in order to gain the respect of his fellow inmates.

death row

prison cells for inmates awaiting execution. He'd been on death row for three years, appeals still pending.

a reprieve

a respite from impending punishment, esp. from execution; a warrant authorizing this. It was only a temporary reprieve. He would face the hangman sooner or later.

a stay of sth

suspension of a judicial proceeding, a postponement. The attorney won for his convicted client a stay of sentencing.

a stay of sth

The death row inmate never lost hope that the governor might issue a stay of execution.

to commute sth

to exchange for another or for something else; interchange; to change (e.g. a prison sentence or other penalty) to a less severe form. Medieval alchemists attempted to commute base metals into gold.

to commute sth

The governor commuted the convict's sentence to life imprisonment.


wrong, improper, or excessive use; misuse: the abuse of privileges/authority; drug abuse, nadużycie We've recently seen a decrease in heroin abuse in all parts of the country.


to treat sb in a cruel way, esp. because of their race, their politcal or religious beliefs, prześladować Throughout history, religious minorities have been persecuted for their beliefs.


drug slang, a dose of a powdered drug, esp. cocaine, intended to be taken nasally, kreska Every time our team scored, we each did a line of coke through a twenty-dollar bill. She produced a sixinch ivory tube, sank to her knees and greedily did her lines, snorting "angel dust" into each nostril.

to chase the dragon

drug slang, to take heroin (or heroin mixed with another smokable drug) and heat it on a piece of folded tin foil and inhale the fumes, pogoń za smokiem They invited us to chase the dragon Hong Kong style, with matches, foil and tube.


the practise of keeping people of different races, religions or even sexes apart and making them live, work, and study separately, segregacja The US Supreme Court ruled in 1954 that racial segregation in schools was unconstitional.


a person who is harmed in any way, or who is injured or killed as the result of a crime, bad luck or an accident. Also used of a deceived or cheated person. ofiara One victim of the fraudulent scheme was swindled out of her entire life savings. The fire claimed 43 victims. The families of the victims were devastated.

scot free

free from harm, restraint, punishment, or obligation. I still can't believe OJ got off scot free! What a miscarriage of justice. They let him off the hook without even a slap on the wrist. He got off scot free.


Very harmful or evil in a way that is not immediately obvious Psychologists are investigating the extent to which certain types of film have a pernicious effect on the viewer.

to retaliate

To do something bad to someone because they have done something bad to you. Following the shooting in Portadown of three Republicans the IRA have retaliated by killing three Loyalists.


The results of an action or event , particularly a bad one, which continue to have an effect for some time. After putting glue on the headmasters chair the school boys lived in fear of what the repercussions might be.


Questionable They had suspicions about his background because of his iffy accent.


A position of power, influence or control. In Lord of the Flies we can see how Jack slowly gains ascendancy over the rest of the boys.


Someone who does something that is morally or legally wrong. 'We will bring the perpetrators of this terrible crime to justice', said the police officer in charge of the operation.


Not offensive, dangerous or harmful. Most consider religion to be fairly innocuous but Marx believed it be an instrument of oppression.


Always wanting to fight or argue aggressive Analysis of American Foreign Policy could lead one into assuming that successive governments have taken a rather bellicose attitude towards international relations.

to make a clean breast of sth

to confess. Come on - admit you committed the crime! You'll feel much better if you make a clean breast of things.

to be on the level

to be honest/serious. No, I'm not joking, I'm on the level - there really is a spaceship just landed in our back garden!

to be in the clear

to be assumed innocent. There's no need to worry anymore - with Hopkin's confession to the crime we're in the clear.

to get off/go scot free

to escape punishment/be released. The criminal got off scot free due to a legal technicality.

to keep one's nose clean

to stay within the bounds of the law. The ex convict declared that from now on he was going to keep his nose clean and stay within the bounds of the law.

to keep to the straight and narrow

ditto (as above).

to be squeaky clean

to be considered completely innocent. There's no question of whether Jones is guilty or not - he's squeaky clean.

to be above suspicion

to be not even contemplated as possibly being guilty. Jones is above suspicion, you mean?

to show a clean pair of heels

to run away. I chased after the mugger but he showed me a clean pair of heels and got away.

to be caught red handed

to be caught in the act of doing sth - usually sth wrong. Jones was caught red handed - with his hands literally in the till.

on the run

running away, trying to evade justice. The police stated that the escaped prisoners were now on the run.


To have a short fight with someone in a way that isn't very violent. They had a bit of a scuffle but no-one was hurt.


An attempt by a large group of people within a country to take control using force and violence. In some circles it is believed that America would like some sort of insurrection in Iraq.

to come clean

to confess.

the long arm of the law

phrase emphasizing the power of the law/the police - as being far reaching. You can't escape the long arm of the law - if you commit a crime, they'll catch you in the end.

to be lightfingered

to be prone to stealing things! I wouldn't trust Jones if I were you, he's light-fingered and has a habit of stealing things!

to aid and abet sb

to help sb commit a crime. Hopkins has been accused of aiding and abetting Jones in committing the robbery by saying when the manager was away.

as thick as thieves

secretive, on close personal terms. You won't get Jones to admit that Hopkins helped him though - they're as thick as thieves, of course.

to turn queen's evidence

to give evidence in court. You mean, Jones won't turn queen's evidence and say in court that Hopkins helped him?
1151-1200 z 2565
Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.


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