Filologia angielska - słownictwo

rok studiow 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
topic Communication | Crime and Punishment | Education | Environment | Ethical Issues | Health | Mass Media | Politically Correct Language | Politics | Relationships | Science and Technology | Communication
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Słówko Definicja Tłumaczenie Przykład

intermittent

which happens occasionally , rather than continuously The damage to the forests has become intermittent of late , but no less hazardous.

diagnostic

(equipment, methods or systems) -used to source the cause of diseases

ensue

to follow after After the storm chaos ensued.

erosion

the gradual destruction and removal of rock or soil by the sea or by the weather Increased land erosion by the sea is often attributed to global warming.

defoliate

to cause the leaves on plants to fall off or be destroyed. Dioxin was the main ingredient in Agent Orange used to defoliate Vietnam.

exacerbate

to make a problem worse Over-population exacerbates the problems of many third world nations.

denounce

to say publicly that something is wrong; to be very critical of a person in public, potepiac Most priests denounce abortion although they cannot have families and children. My grandfather denounces Jews even though he has never known any.

brusque

using very few words in a way that seems rude but is not intended to be. The hotel manager was rather brusque with his guests, but then it had been a long day.

fetus

a young human or animal that is still developing in its mother's body, płód Some people argue that fetus is not a human being yet. She lay curled up in a fetal position.

testtube

a glass tube, closed at one end, used in chemical experiments, probowka The test-tube was broken and acid burned the scientist's hand.

mercy killing

killing somebody suffering from an incurable disease painlessly, eutanazja Mercy killing is an euphemism for euthanasia.

saphism

female homosexuality, lesbianism, The word "saphism" comes from "Saphos," a lesbian writer in ancient Greece.

prostitution

sex for pay, prostytucja Prostitution is legal in Holland, as well as many other things.

surrogate mother

woman who gives birth to a baby for someone else, matka zastępcza It can be psychologically trying for surrogate mothers when they have to give up the baby.

test tube baby

baby that develops from an egg taken out of the mother's body, fertilized, and then put back into the mother to develop normally. "dziecko z probówki"

in vitro fertilization

fertilization outside the mother's body, zaplodnienie in vitro In vitro fertilization gives hope to infertile couples.

professional ethics

set of moral rules followed in a particular field of work, etyka zawodowa His license to practice law was revoked when he broke his professional ethics.

moral authority

influence one gains through what other people perceive to be that person's high moral standards, autorytet moralny The pope seems to have quite a lot of moral authority nowadays.

to moralize

to give one's own opinions about what one believes to be right or wrong, moralizować My grandmother is constantly moralizing, telling me I live a bad life.

hardcore

showing the act of sex in an explicit way, twarda, ostra You can get hardcore pornography anywhere in Berlin.

eugenics

attempting to "improve" humanity through manipulation of genes or the like, eugenika Some say that eugenics is a breach of the law of nature.

artificial insemination

introduction of semen into the vagina by other than natural means, sztuczne zapłodnienie Instead of getting married she decided to have artificial insemination.

scruple

a moral principle, skrupuły He has absolutely no scruples! He tried to sell me a bridge!

permissiveness

greater moral freedom, pobłażliwość There is much more sexual permissiveness nowadays.

homophobia

fear or dislike of homosexuals, lęk przed homoseksualistami There is a lot more homophobia in the southern states than northern.

condone

accept a certain behavior, darować, wybaczyć My mother never condoned my drug use.

bimbo

disparaging and offensive media slang for an attractive but not too bright young woman, esp. one with loose morals. blondynka, slodka idiotka Clinton's people first tried to downplay the accusations as having come from mere bimbos. In the strict sense the bimbo exists on the fringes of pornography, and some cynics might say she has the mental capacity of a minor kitchen appliance.

nefarious

very wicked, evil That was a really nefarious deed.

sleaze

immoral behaviour, esp. involving sex or dishonesty The conservative party has lost the last two elections because of the public perception that it is riddled with sleaze.

turpitude

depravity, shameful wickedness The Marquis de Sade would be most people's definition of gross moral turpitude.

paragon

a person or thing that is or seems to be a perfect model to copy He behaves as if he were a paragon of virtue, but I could tell you a thing or two about him.

transgress

to do wrong; offend against a moral principle She knew she had transgressed and was ready to atone.

conundrum

a difficult or puzzling problem The origin of the universe may be explicable, but the bigger question as to why there is something rather that nothing is an unanswerable conundrum.

finicky

needing delicate attention to detail Notice the tiny, finicky engraving on this watch-case.

base

showing a complete lack of moral principles; dishonourable He must have had some base motive in revealing to her what Martha had said.

unsavoury

unpleasant, esp. in being morally unacceptable Her ex-husband is a totally unsavoury character.

shady

probably dishonest;

integrity

strength and firmness of character or principle He refused to compromise his integrity by taking part in this shady business deal.

salve

to make esp. uncomfortable feelings less painful;

qualm

an uncomfortable feeling of uncertainty, especially as to whether something is right To salve his qualms about cheating the tax inspector he gave a substantial sum of money to charity.

sanctity

holiness, sacredness People should respect the sanctity of life.

prudish

easily shocked by improper or rude things, especially of a sexual nature She is so prudish that she leaves the room whenever somebody as much as hints at sex.

squeamish

easily shocked, upset or made to feel sick by unpleasant things It's a violent film, so don't go if you are squeamish.

permissive

allowing behavior, especially sexual, that many other people disapprove of Today's permissive society is usually considered to have begun in the 1960s.

compassion

a strong feeling of sympathy for someone who is suffering , and a desire to help them Religion teaches us to have compassion for the poor and sick.

terminate

to come or bring to an end She has decided to terminate this pregnancy.

solace

a feeling of emotional comfort at a time of great sadness or disappointment After the death of her son, Val found solace in the church.

vile

shameful and evil He was accused of crimes too vile to detail in open court.

taint

a slight touch of decay, infection, or bad or immoral influence Can we be sure that they are free from any taint of disloyalty?

brazen

without shame; immodest That's the last time I let that brazen hussy near my husband!
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Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.

Brak?

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