Filologia angielska - słownictwo

Zestaw 2500 słówek i wyrażeń przydatnych na studiach filologii angielskiej oraz osobom uczącym się angielskiego na zaawansowanym poziomie.

351-400 z 2565
Science and Technology
people who use Internet

mail exchanger
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computer which is used to accept and send e-mail
komputer służący do wymiany poczty elektronicznej

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title page of given subject
strona tytułowa

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groups in which we can exchange our views on various subjects
grupy dyskusyjne w Internecie

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signs which express our mood in e-mails (the word emoticons comes from two words "EMOTIONS" (uczucia) and "ICON" (symbol)
buźki , uśmieszki

:-) ;-) :( ;-( are the most common emoticons.

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a man who breaks into other systems and computer nets

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a local net where computers are connected to one canal of data
sieć lokalna

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programs which you can get for free (the word freeware comes from two words "free" and "software")
programy gratisowe

voice mail
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voice message which is sent by Internet
poczta głosowa

junk mail
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advertisement texts which are sent by email
teksty reklamowe lub maile - śmieci

spark plug
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a device for firing the explosive mixture in an internal-combustion engine

You have to clean sparking plugs and try to start your lawnmower again.

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in its original condition

Washing machine for sale - only two months old and in pristine condition.

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equipment for an activity or expedition

We were weighed down with sleeping bags, gas cookers and pans- all the impedimenta of camping.

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a person, especially a young one, endowed with exceptional qualities or abilities
geniusz, cudowne dziecko

Germany seemed a prodigy of industrial discipline. Mozart was a child prodigy.

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not capable of going wrong or being wrongly used; easy to operate
niezawodny, nie psujący się

Our security system is absolutely foolproof. This new video recorder is supposed to be foolproof.

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prove that something is false (disprove theory, disprove belief)
obalać, odpierać

I ate lots of onion and I did not feel ill so that disproves my theory that it is onion which makes me sick.

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the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.

painstaking research (hard, detailed) substantial research (solid, deep) laborious research (arduous) The historical background to the play had been carefully researched. We are fighting meningitis by raising money for medical research. It took months of painstaking research to write a book.

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the action or process of transmitting something or the state of being transmitted
transmisja, przesyłanie, przekazywanie

fuzzy transmission (blurred) faulty transmission I can pick up a lot of stations on the radio but the transmission is usually a bit fuzzy.

carry something out
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perform a task or planned operation, carry out: an experiment, market research survey
przeprowadzać badania, doświadczenie

The scientists carried out an experiment. Nigel is carrying out research on early Christian art.

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facts or information
dane, informacja

acquire data, classify data, compile data, record data, fabricate data, gather data, obtain data, reveal data How much data can we store on one disk? The data is still being analyzed.

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a long essay on a particular subject, especially one written for a university degree or diploma

Ann did her dissertation on Baudelaire.

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a machine or device that appears strange or unnecessarily complicated and often badly made or unsafe
ustrojstwo, gadżet

Whatever is that weird contraption you have got in your garage?!

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a thing that is accepted as true or as certain to happen, without proof

conventional assumption crucial assumption (un)realistic assumption strong assumption ridiculous assumption We are working on the assumption that the time of death was after midnight. Our figures are based on the assumption that the rate of inflation will be 5% by the end of the year.

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the process of transformation

Solar power is the conversion of the sun's energy into heat and electricity.

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a powerful and very dangerous rays that are sent out from certain substances; you cannot see or feel radiation but it can cause serious illness or death (promieniowanie)

High levels of radiation have been recorded near the power station. My friend died after being exposed to radiation.

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a small quantity of something that is typical of the rest of it (próbka)

She sent a sample of her work in an attempt to get a job. The nurse said she would take a blood sample and test it.

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a space that contains no substance and no air or gas

Sound waves cannot travel through a vacuum. Nature is said to abhor a vacuum. The main limitation on the life of a light bulb is not the thickness of the filament but the degree of vacuum. Also: vacuum cleaner, vacuum flask

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bending of light rays when they pass from one transparent material to another
załamanie światła

You can see refraction of light in action by placing a drinking straw in a glass of water.

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able to exist or occur together without problems or conflict
kompatybilny, zgodny

Are their blood groups compatible? (can blood from one person be given to the other?) The printer is fully compatible with all leading software.

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identify and remove errors from computer hardware or software
debugować, wyszukiwać i usuwać błędy

Games are the worst to debug. I will need a couple of hours to debug this program.

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a mathematical relationship or rule expressed in symbols

convincing/ temporary/permanent/ readymade/ existing formula The formula for carbon is CO. What is the formula for converting miles to kilometers?

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an idea that is suggested as the possible explanation for something

false/ unlikely/ useful/ tentative/ bald/fanciful hypothesis to be based on the hypothesis that... Dr. Elwood said that the belief that milk could be harmful was based on the hypothesis that fat causes heart disease. A hypothesis has been put forward t

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the combining of separate things to form a complex whole

Her art is a synthesis of modern and traditional techniques.

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Plants need sunlight for the synthesis of their food from carbon dioxide and water.

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an increase in the strength of radio signals

The over-loud amplification spoilt the concert. The band brought its own amplification.

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the central portion of an atom

DNA is stored in the nucleus of a cell.

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the splitting of an atomic nucleus

The fission of the cell could be inhibited with certain chemicals. Commercial nuclear power is provided by fission at the present time.

mysterious, secretive.
tajemniczy, skryty

The arcane attitude of the FBI must be dealt with soon - we need more openess in government, not less.

opposite to.

Those at the top end of the alphabet have high self-esteem while, conversely, those at the bottom have low selfesteem.

in unfavourable conditions.
będący w niekorzystnym położeniu

Those at the lower end of the alphabet are disadvantaged by their position when things are arranged in alphabetical order. They certainly have to wait longer, at any rate.

absurd, ridiculous, laughable.
absurdalny, śmieszny

There's a spaceship in your back garden? What a ludicrous idea!

severely critical.
krytyczny, zjadliwy

The manager of our football team came in for scathing criticism after yet another defeat.

dostatni, będący w dobrobycie

Most people would say that Britain is an affluent society, particularly compared to third world countries.

to champion sth
to support the cause of/defend sth.;

Some people say we should all champion the cause of feminism for in the end i'ts in everybody's interest to do so.

to plough through sth
to plod heavily through some tiresome, laborious task.;

to strike out
to hit/lash out at sb or sth.

on the wane
in decline.

to be sitting pretty
to be in a comfortable position/doing well.;

Manchester United are sitting pretty at the top of the league yet again.

in the bag
assured. ;

The union representative assured his colleagues that the pay rise was in the bag.

to pull/bring sth off
to be (unexpectedly) successful in one's attempt to do sth.

The union leader had pulled it off yet again - nobody had expected such a large pay rise.

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Komentarze (13)

Dużo "literówek" i kilka poważniejszych błędów.

nursery school - oznacza również ŻŁOBEK (tak podaje słownik Cambridge), kindergarten - tłumaczy się jako PRZEDSZKOLE.

Jeśli dla niektórych z Państwa brak polskiego tłumaczenia, to co robicie na tym dziale, skoro jest to dla studentów filologii? Skoro student filologii jest poziomu B2/C1 powinien, jak nie musi, być w stanie zrozumieć znaczenie
z kontekstu. Jeśli znów rozchodzi się o wymowę, to jakim problemem jest wejść na stronę słownika takiego jak, longman, czy oxford, wpisać słowo i przeczytać transkrypcję/odsłuchać wymowę? Wystarczy odrobinę pomyśleć i odpowiedź się sama nasunie. ;) Pozdrawiam serdecznie.

Na jaki poziomie są te słówka ? Czy ich znajomość jest potrzebna do zdawania CAE ?

Wielka szkoda że, nie ma możliwości wydruku w pdf...

No właśnie w pdf by się przydało ;)

ma ktoś te wszystkie słówka w PDF ??

Zdania w przykładach są proste, co tu tłumaczyć? Zwłaszcza na tym poziomie. Ja bym raczej poprosiła o wymowę słówek. Czasem akcent albo głoska wymówiona nie tak -i klapa. Ale to drobiazg. Strona świetna, dziękuję i pozdrawiam.

Jest napisane, że to dla osób, które myślą o języku poważnie. Ucząc się zaawansowanego słownictwa, przeważnie już na poziomie B2/C1 rozumie się podaną po ang. definicję. Nie ma zatem co marudzić. :)

Moim zdaniem jeżeli ktoś już jest na filologii to powinien znać podstawowe zdania, sformułowania czy słowa jakie zostały zastosowane w tych przykładach słów ciut bardziej unikalnych, jak dla mnie bajka. Świetna strona, pozdrawiam.

Brak. Mnie np brakuje tłumaczenia zdania. I to jest też głównie największy problem w książkach. Tłumaczy się słówko a nie całe zdanie. I przez to niby zastosowanie jest - no jest... ale niepełne.

Genialny pomysł, ale nieprecyzyjne wykonanie...brak polskich tłumaczeń utrudnia pracę.